Great Southern White top Great Southern White side Great Southern White head top Great Southern White head side Great Southern White underside Flying Great Southern White flying

Butterflies of Southern Arizona

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Great Southern White.
Ascia monuste.
Whites/Sulphurs (Pieridae) Family.

Identification: Upper surface of male forewing white with black zigzag pattern on outer margin. Dry season female form resembles male with heavier black zigzag pattern and a small black spot in the wing cell. Wet-season female is darkened with black scales above and below. Wing Span: 2 1/2 - 3 3/8 inches (6.3 - 8.6 cm). Life History: Males patrol for females. Eggs are laid on the upper surface of host plant leaves in groups of about 20. Flight: All year in South Texas, peninsular Florida, and along the Gulf Coast. Caterpillar Hosts: Mustard family (Brassicaceae) plants including beach cabbage (Cakile maritima), cultivated cabbage and radish, peppergrass (Lepidium species); and plants in the caper family (Capparidaceae) including nasturtium. Adult Food: Nectar from many species of flowers including saltwort, lantana, and verbena. Habitat: Salt marshes, coastal dunes, open fields, and gardens. Range: Resident of south Atlantic and Gulf coasts south through tropical America. Migratory along the Southeastern coast. Strays to Maryland, Kansas, and Colorado.

Santa Catalina Mountains
Sabino Canyon.
Location: At base of dam.

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